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Chrono-Matic
CHRONO-MATIC 2004 PAGE  click here
The 1960s saw the race for the development of the world's first automatic chronograph : Two groups were fighting in this race : The group of Movado/ Zenith versus Heuer/ Breitling/ Hamilton/ Dubois Depraz. Both groups achieved their aims at about the same time and exhibited their new developments at the Basel Fair in 1969. Both claimed to be the first to introduce the first automatic chronograph in the world. However, the caliber 11 by the group of Heuer/ Breitling/ Hamilton/ Dubois Depraz beat the Movado/ Zenith team.
1965 : the chronograph specialists Breitling and Heuer-Leonidas with Hamiliton-Bruen and Dubois Depraz, who started the development of their project . When the delegation of the four companies met together for the first time in 1965, they were so obsessed with keeping things secret that they gave their project a confidential code name: 99.During this meeting, the role each house would play was distributed :
Bruen would be in charge of the special automatic mechanism (adapted from Bruen’s "Intramatic" Caliber : Planetary rotor of heavy winding in both direction via gliding pinion) .Dubois-Depraz would be responsible for the chronographic module (chronograph unit 8510 with coulisse-lever switching, equipped with a 12-hour and a 30-minute counter) as well as the oscillating pinion invented by Edouard Heuer.
Breitling and Heuer would develop the other components and oversee the design of the watch dial and case.
22nd of september 1967 : Heuer/ Breitling/ Hamilton/ Dubois Depraz ask for the patent of the Caliber 11
By 1968, the group had carried out the first conclusive tests and developed experimental prototypes. The winding-mechanism and the caliber 11 chronograph, worked marvelously well, even under extreme conditions, with an accuracy close to the norms required of a chronometer
September 1968 : Breitling manufacture a first pre-serie of the Chronomatic : this is the VERY FIRST automatic Chronograph in the world (see at the end of this page pictures of a Navitimer Chronomatic from this first pre-serie)
3rd of March 1969 : after 500,000 Swiss francs spend, the world first automatic chronograph was unveiled, over a month before Basel fair 1969 where the El Primero was introduced.
31st of August 1972 : the patent of the caliber 11 is officially published
   
Breitling Chrono-matic Cosmonaute ref 1810 from 1969  Breitling Chrono-matic Chronomat  CO PILOT ref 7651 PRE SERIES  caliber 11 from 1968 Breitling Chrono-matic Chronomat from 1972

The Caliber 11:

Beating at 19,800 bps, 13 ¾ lines, "Chronomatic" consists of a basis movement unit and a chrono-section unit. These two units are attached with screws, one on top of the other. The design required that the winding stystem with the crown had to be removed to the position of the 9, at first what it seems like a surprising innovation that all firms agreed would be the best. Since obviously this watch does not often need to be wound up by hand, it follows that the chronograph buttons would be better located on the right side of the case.

The Caliber 12 : The difference between the caliber 11 and 12 lies with the beats. The Caliber 12, which is an updated version beats faster at 21,600 bps. The later versions saw the introduction of the 2 registers instead of 3. The later versions from Breitling are the caliber 14 and 15.
  Breitling Chrono-matic Chronomat  ref 1806 caliber 12 from 1972  
Breitling Chrono-matic ref 7561 Breitling Chrono-matic from the 70's Breitling Chrono-matic Cosmonaute ref 88062  
Breitling Chrono-matic from the 1977 Breitling Chrono-matic from the 70's Breitling Chrono-matic from the 1978
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CALS. 11, 11-C, 11-2 AND 12
CAL. 11
Original basic calibre, 19,800 train (nickel plated)
CAL. 11-C
As Cal.11 but we have changed the arrangement of the calendar. Rapid calendar replacement by a slow calendar. For that, we have changed the calendar wheel No.2556/1 and omitted the two wheels Nos.2543 and 2548. The mainspring and escapement have been checked and rectified.
Cal. 11-2
This is Cal. 11-c altered to 21,600 train. For that we have changed the mainspring:- MgS = 1200, Mgi = 1050, M - 3.5 = 860 at 8 turns of winding. We have also changed the fourth wheel No.225 (72 teeth instead of 66), The escape wheel No 705 (diam. of pinion 0.67 instead of 0.73) and the frequency of the balance and hairspring  No. 721.
Cal .12
Same construction as Cal. 11-2 except that the brass parts are gold plated instead of nickel plated. (Plates, bridges, chronograph plate, etc.)
 
Breitling Chrono-matic Cosmonaute 1809  caliber 12 Breitling Chrono-maticCosmonaute 1809  caliber 12 Breitling Chrono-matic superocean ref  2105 caliber 12
Breitling Chrono-matic Navitimer ref  8806 from 1973   caliber 12  Breitling Chrono-matic ref 819  from 1970 Breitling Chrono-matic ref  2111 caliber 15 
Breitling Chrono-matic Chronomat  ref 1808   Breitling Chrono-matic ref 7651 caliber 11 from 1971 Breitling Chrono-matic Chronomat  ref 1806 caliber 11 from 1971
Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2112  caliber 11 Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2112  caliber 11 Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2111 caliber 11 
Breitling Chrono-matic Black hands Breitling Chrono-matic Transocean ref 2119 from 1972 caliber 12 with 17j Breitling Chrono-matic Transocean ref 2129 from 1973 caliber 12 with 17j
Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2129 from 1973 caliber 12 with 17j Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2111-15  caliber 15  Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2110  caliber 12 
Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2110-15  caliber 15 Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2110  caliber 11 from 1970  Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2110  caliber 15  
Breitling Chrono-matic Bulls-head ref 2117 caliber 12 from 1972 Breitling Chrono-matic GMT ref 2115   Breitling Chrono-matic gold ref 2118  caliber 12 
Breitling Chrono-matic black   Breitling Chrono-matic  ref 2130  from 1977 Breitling Chrono-matic  ref 2130  from 1977
Breitling Chrono-matic chronomat  ref 8808.3 caliber 12  Breitling Chrono-matic chronomat ref 8808.3 caliber 12  Breitling Chrono-matic Navitimer  ref 1806
caliber 11  from 1971
Breitling Chrono-matic Square caliber 12  Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2112  for AOPA caliber 11 Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2112  for AOPA caliber 11
Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2114   caliber 12 Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2114   caliber 12 Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2115 gold caliber 12
Breitling Chrono-matic for BRIKS caliber 11 Breitling Chrono-matic for LIP Breitling Chrono-matic ref 2116 gold 
Breitling Chrono-matic YACHTING ref 7661 caliber 12 Breitling Chrono-matic ref A41360 from 2005 caliber 41 with 38j Breitling Chrono-matic ref K41350 GOLD  from 2004 caliber 41 with 38j
Breitling Chrono-matic 24H GOLD ref H22360 from 2006 caliber 22 LC Breitling Chrono-matic 24H  ref A22360 from 2006 caliber 22 LC LIMITED 100pcs. Breitling Chrono-matic ref A41350  from 2004 caliber 41 with 38j
Breitling Chrono-matic ref A14360  from 2008 caliber 14 (NO LC)  49mm Breitling Chrono-matic gold  from 2008 caliber 14 (NO LC)  49mm Breitling Chrono-matic ref A14360  from 2010 from reno air race  caliber 14 (NO LC)  49mm
Breitling Chrono-matic BLACKSTEEL  from 2010 caliber 14 (NO LC)  49mm Breitling Chrono-matic BLACKSTEEL 1461  from 2011 49mm Breitling Chrono-matic  1461 ref A19360 from 2011 49mm
 
Breitling Chrono-matic QP gold  caliber 29
 
40th anniversary (1969-2009)
  Breitling Chrono-matic  1461 ref A19360 from 2009   40th anniversary (1969-2009)
You can see Also the Breitling Chrono-Matic Limited Galerry
Breitling Chrono-matic Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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